Hand orthoses (finger, thumb, wrist, palm, etc.) are grouped into two categories:
Immobilization (or static) orthoses:
used to rest a joint chain by immobilizing it.
They are intended to prevent, correct or redirect a deformation, or to treat inflammation or trauma.
used to recover, compensate for or replace a lost or deficient function by applying tension to one or more segments.
Orthoses may be ordered off-the-shelf or custom-made depending on the indications and the goals set.
custom-made hand orthoses are either thermoformed directly onto the user’s limb, or made using a plaster positive produced from a mold of the user’s hand. They allow for fine fitting and a precise degree of positioning since they so closely reproduce the user’s morphology.
prefabricated hand orthoses are said to be “off-the-shelf”. They are ideal when straightforward immobilization is required, without specific positioning. They are available in a number of sizes and combine effectiveness with esthetic appeal.